6. Viktor Z. Petrosyants, Sergey V. Dokholyan, Dmitriy A. Denevizyuk

Struggling Regions: Economic Policy Under Federalism

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Viktor Z. Petrosyants

Chief Researcher of the Institute of Social and Economic Researches of the Dagestan scientific center of RAS, Doctor of Economics, Professor

Yaragskogo Str. 75, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, 367030

Sergey V. Dokholyan

Director of the Institute of Social and Economic Researches of the Dagestan scientific center of RAS, Doctor of Economics, Professor

Yaragskogo Str. 75, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, 367030

Dmitriy A. Denevizyuk

Scientific Secretary of the Institute of Social and Economic Researches of the Dagestan scientific center of RAS, Ph.D. in Economics

Yaragskogo Str. 75, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, 367030

The presented study analyzes the federal form of government from the perspective of systems methodology.
Aim. The study aims to substantiate the need for improving the national regional policy with regard to struggling regions through the case study of the North Caucasian Federal District (NCFD).
Tasks. In this study, the authors analyze budget revenues and expenditures in relation to the subjects of the NCFD, examine the growth rate of the core indicators of regional socio-economic development, and predict the scenario of long-term regional development.
Methods. The study uses general scientific methods of cognition and elements of predictive modeling. The study employs data provided by the Federal State Statistics Service for statistical analysis.
Results. The principles of Russian federalism are presented in the context of the formation of the goals and objectives of regional policy. Mechanisms for their implementation are also described. Socio-economic development of the constituent entities is regarded as an important factor in strengthening federative relations. The basic principles of regional policy formation under federalism are clarified, and the current state of struggling regions (the NCFD and its subjects) is assessed. The need for the effective support of struggling regions using the framework of national regional policy implementation is substantiated, and possible development scenarios of the North Caucasian region are examined.
Conclusion. Pursuing sustainable socio-economic development of constituent entities and enhancing interregional economic relations are important factors for strengthening federative relations, ensuring efficient management of a common economic space, and alleviating interregional disparity in terms of the achieved level of socio-economic development.

Keywords: federalism, regional development, regional policy, regulation, struggling regions, economic space, integrity and unity

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