3. Elena G. Reshetnikova

Food aid as a tool of the state support of an agro-food complex: analysis of the international experience

  • Contact details
  • Abstract
  • References

Elena G. Reshetnikova

Head of the laboratory of Institute of agrarian problems of the Russian Academy of Science, Doctor of Economics, Professor

Moskovskaya Str. 94, Saratov, Russian Federation, 410012

The present study is devoted to the study of the institute of domestic food aid as a tool for ensuring the economic accessibility of food and supporting domestic producers of agro-food products in the face of global challenges.
Aim. To substantiate the directions of the development of the state system of food aid to the population in Russia on the basis of generalization of the experience of the functioning of domestic food aid programs in various countries of the world.
Tasks. Identify ways to improve the organizational and economic mechanism for implementing domestic food aid to improve the sustainability of the agro-food complex and the social sphere. To study the various mechanisms of food aid in the United States, the countries of the European Union, Latin American countries, to systematize them, paying special attention to the experience of countries using the institute of domestic food aid to support the national agro-food complex. To substantiate recommendations for improving the institutional componentf the food
aid system with an emphasis on state support with the help of this institute of small forms of agribusiness.
Results. Two types of organization of the system of food aid in world practice are distinguished: an American type that presupposes state support for both agricultural producers and consumers of food; the European approach, consisting of guaranteed opportunities to provide consumers with all types of basic food products through an extensive system of social benefits and the prevalence of food aid by charitable organizations.
Conclusions. In the context of the transfer of the State Program for the Development of Agriculture and the Regulation of Agricultural Products, Raw Materials and Foodstuffs for 2013–2020, from 2018, the project management has justified the need to highlight the issues of domestic food aid, taking into account the regulation of food supplies for small agribusiness in the framework of the food aid program to an independent subprogram of the State Program for the Development of Agriculture.

Keywords: internal food aid, economic accessibility of food

References

  1. The Concept of development of internal food aid in the Russian Federation. Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of July 3, 2014 No. 121. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/420206166. (in Russ.).
  2. The concept of developing measures to support domestic producers and processors of agricultural products on the basis of the mechanisms of domestic food aid within the WTO “green box”. The project of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation. Available at: http://www.milkbranch.ru/i/ndocs/387/concep_26.03.2013.pdf.
  3. Reshetnikova E. G. Sfera potrebleniya prodovol’stviya: neobkhodimost’ institutsional’nykh preobrazovaniy v usloviyakh novykh riskov [Food consumption: A need for institutional reforms in the face of new risks]. Ekonomika i upravlenie, 2017, no. 3 (137), pp. 34–42.
  4. Transformation of our world: An agenda for sustainable development for the period up to 2030. Declaration of the UN General Assembly of 25.09.2015. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/420355765. Accessed 23.10.2017. (in Russ.).
  5. Declaration of the World Summit on Food Security. Adopted at the World Summit on Food Security (Rome, 16–18 November 2009). Available at: http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/declarations/summit2009_declaration.shtml. Accessed 11.11.2017. (in Russ.).
  6. World Food Program. Available at: https://dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/ruwiki/418452. Accessed 21.11.2017. (in Russ.).
  7. Reshetnikova E. G. Informatsionnye aspekty obespecheniya prodovol’stvennoy bezopasnosti Rossii [Information aspects of ensuring food security of Russia]. Informatsionnaya bezopasnost’ regionov, 2014, no. 3 (16), pp. 45–50.
  8. Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program. Available at: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Американская_программа_льготной_покупки_продуктов. Accessed 23.10.2017. (in Russ.).
  9. Feed everyone, but for coupons: 19 million Russians will get ration cards. Available at: https://www.pravda.ru/news/society/26-05-2017/1335474-ration_cards-0/. Accessed 11.11.2017. (in Russ.).
  10. Kuchma V. R., Gorelova Zh.Yu. Shkol’noe pitanie v SShA [School food service in the USA]. Sanepidkontrol’. Okhrana truda, 2012, no. 5. Available at: https://www.profiz.ru/sec/5_2012/shkolnoe_pitanie/.
  11. Borko Yu. A., Kargalova M. V., Yumashev Yu. M., eds. Dogovor o EES. Evropeyskiy Soyuz: proshloe, nastoyashchee, budushchee. Dokumenty Evropeyskogo Soyuza. T. 1: Dogovory, uchrezhdayushchie Evropeyskie soobshchestva [Treaty on the EEC. The European Union: the past, the present, the future. Documents of the European Union. Vol. 1: Treaties establishing the European Communities]. Moscow: Pravo Publ., 1994. 96 p.
  12. How the “School milk” Program works in the European Union. Available at: http://milknews.ru/index/kak_rabotaet_programma_shkolnoye_moloko_v_eu.html. Accessed 30.10.2017. (in Russ.).
  13. In the Lasnamae district of Tallinn, the poor received food aid from the EU. Available at: http://baltnews.ee/obc/20161103/1015332366.html. Accessed 30.10.2017. (in Russ.).
  14. Dil’ M. Tafel — assistance to the poor in Germany. Available at: https://www.tupa-germania.ru/zhizn/tafel-pomosch-maloimuschim.html. Accessed 30.10.2017. (in Russ.).
  15. Food banks save the poor in the UK. Available at: http://wlna.info/economika/45642-prodovolstvennye-banki-spasayut-bednyh-v-velikobritanii.html. Accessed 30.10.2017. (in Russ.).
  16. In France, a ban on destruction of products began to operate. Available at: https://www.svoboda.org/a/content/news/27534521.html. Accessed 30.10.2017. (in Russ.).
  17. FAO: A panorama of school meals, and the use of direct purchases from family farms. Available at: http://prodmagazin.ru/2013/08/26/fao-panoramashkolnogo-pitaniya-i-ispolzovanie-vozmozhnosti-pryamyih-zakupok-u-semeynyih-fermerskih-hozyaystv/. Accessed 11.11.2017. (in Russ.).
  18. The concept of a long-term socio-economic development of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2020. Available at: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_82134/. Accessed 03.10.2017. (in Russ.).
  19. On the transfer of the State program of development of agriculture and regulation of the markets of agricultural production, raw materials and foodstuffs for 2013-2020 on project management. Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of December 13, 2017 No. 1544. Available at: http://government.ru/docs/30726/. Accessed 03.10.2017. (in Russ.).

Subscribe to electronic version of the article