6. Mikhail A. Zagorodnikov

Role of Icebreaker Fleet in the Russian Arctic Zone National Security

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  • Abstract
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Mikhail A. Zagorodnikov

Chief Executive of Krylov State Scientific Center, Ph.D. in Economics

Moskovskoe Highway 44, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation, 196158

The presented study examines the structural elements of national security in the Russian Arctic zone and determines the role of the icebreaker fleet in providing national security.
Aim. The study aims to show the role and place of the icebreaker fleet in the provision of national security in the Russian Arctic zone.
Tasks. The author examines the structural elements of national security in the Russian Arctic zone and determines the role of the icebreaker fleet in providing national security.
Methods. This study uses general scientific methods of cognition to identify and systematize the elements of national security and the role of the icebreaker fleet in its provision.
Results. This is an in-depth examination of the problem of Arctic sea route development in terms of national security improvement in the Russian Arctic zone. It is possible to focus attention, organizational efforts, and funds of public authorities and representatives of the shipbuilding industry on the major problems in RAZ development by implementing a strategy for RAZ Development and national security provision. Improving the level of national security would be possible by gradually solving these problems.
Conclusion. Creating a modern icebreaker fleet capable of year-round navigation along the Arctic sea route would significantly bolster national security both in the RAZ and in Russia as a whole.

Keywords: national security, Arctic, traffic artery, icebreaker fleet, Northern Sea Route, federal policy objectives, RAZ development strategy

References

  1. Strategy for the development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation and ensuring national security for the period up to 2020. Approved by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation on September 19, 2017. Available at: http://legalacts.ru/doc/strategija-razvitija-arkticheskoi-zony-rossiiskoi-federatsii-i/. Accessed 10.12.2017. (in Russ.).
  2. The State program of the Russian Federation “Development of the transport system”. Approved by the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of April 15, 2014 No. 319. Available at: http://base.garant.ru/70643484/. Accessed 10.12.2017. (in Russ.).
  3. On the Strategy for the development of maritime activity of the Russian Federation up to 2030. Order of the Government of the Russian Federation of December 8, 2010 No. 2205-r. Available at: http://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/2073572/. Accessed 10.12.2017. (in Russ.).
  4. Abramov A. V., Zagorodnikov M. A. Perspektivy innovatsionnogorazvitiya Arkticheskoy zony Rossii. Transportnye magistrali [Prospects for innovative development of the Arcticzone of Russia. Transport highways]. St. Petersburg: SPb. State Maritime Technical Univ. Publ., 2017. 161 p.
  5. Marshak A. L. Khudozhestvennaya zhizn' kak sfera kul'turnoy bezopasnosti sovremennoy Rossii: sotsiokul'turnyy podkhod [Artistic life as a sphere of cultural security of modern Russia: A sociocultural approach]. Teoriya i praktika obshchestvennogo razvitiya, 2007, no. 2, pp. 114–119.

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