8. Nataliya A. Moroz, Vladimir A. Plotnikov

Differentiation of the Russian Economic Space as a Factor of Economic Security

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Nataliya A. Moroz

Methodologist of the Department of St. Petersburg State University оf Economic

Sadovaya Str. 21, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation, 191023

Vladimir A. Plotnikov

Professor at St. Petersburg State University оf Economics, Doctor of Economics, Professor

Sadovaya Str. 21, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation, 191023

The presented study examines the regional differentiation of Russian economy as a result of the transformation of the national socioeconomic system over the past 25 years from the perspective of economic security.
Aim. The study aims to assess the significance of indicators that characterize the lack of homogeneity in the development of the economic space in the Russian Federation, which is viewed as a threat to economic security, and that affect its integrity.
Tasks. The authors identify key indicators of spatial development in Russia and, based on the results obtained, make an expert assessment of these indicators, evaluate their impact on economic security, and substantiate the reasons for the existing differentiation.
Methods. This study uses general methods of scientific cognition (institutional, structural, retrospective, and comparative analysis, etc.) to examine trends in the transformation of the Russian economic space and identify the features that need to be accounted for in the harmonization of spatial development in Russia from the perspective of economic security.
Results. Differentiation is shown to be an urgent problem with a long history of development in Russia. Differentiation indicators have been increasing in contemporary history (e.g., differentiation by GRP per capita has increased from 20.3 in 2010 to 56.1 in 2016). The development gap between certain regions of the Russian Federation and the leading regions is sometimes determined by the national economic policy and the major factors that affect the said gap (the region’s geographic location; availability of vital natural resources; demographic factors, development level of the production, market, and social infrastructure, degree of territorial development; areas of specialization; mentality of the population and the authorities, etc.).
Conclusion. The study shows that differentiation of territories in terms of socioeconomic development is typical for almost any developing economy in the world, including resource based economies similar to Russia. The problem of differentiation in present-day Russia is becoming critical in terms of economic security. The need to eliminate this threat provides the rationale and opportunities for finding alternative paths for economic modernization with allowance for its regional diversity.

Keywords: regional development, socioeconomic development, economic security, economic policy, economic space

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