10. Denis Е. Dolzhenko

A Standard for Transregional Tourism Projects as a Basis for a Regulatory and Methodological Framework of Territorial Interaction between the Constituent Entities of the Russian Federation

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Denis Е. Dolzhenko

Postgraduate Student of St. Petersburg State University оf Economic

Sadovaya Str. 21, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation, 191023

The present study examines theoretical approaches to the formation of a regulatory and methodological framework for the development and implementation of transregional projects in the field of tourism and recreation.
Aim. The study aims to propose a novel sciencebased approach to the formation of a methodological framework for transregional tourism projects, which would help achieve maximum efficiency within a unified tourism market in the Russian Federation.
Tasks. The author identifies key structural components of the proposed standard for transregional tourism projects and provides a general description of a transregional tourism project charter.
Methods. This study uses such scientific research methods within its institutional and structural analysis and modeling, examining trends in inter-territorial cooperation in the field of tourism and recreation, in order to identify specific features of the key characteristics of a regulatory and legal framework for the implementation of a transregional tourism project.
Results. The author proposes and substantiates key structural components for a standard that may be used with transregional tourism projects: (1) standard application field, (2) classificatory aspects of transregional tourism projects, (3) general requirements for legal forms, (4) service quality requirements, (5) funding conditions and sources, (6) requirements for regulatory statistical reporting, (7) requirements for the development of project efficiency assessment criteria, and so forth. The fundamental differences between the structure of a transregional tourism project charter and the existing charters of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, municipalities, and individual tourism destinations are found in that the latter tend to focus on providing current data on tourist attractions and the corresponding infrastructure facilities. Apart from information about the conditions of a particular project, the proposed transregional project charter contains both analytical and projection data that can help government authorities make weighted managerial decisions.
Conclusion. According to the results of the analysis of legal documents that regulate the processes considered, the author concludes that a federal standard for transregional tourism projects should be developed and implemented—utilizing a regulatory document that establishes a complex structure of norms, rules, and requirements for transregional project activities in the field of tourism and recreation. The main purpose of the standard is to harmonize the process of formation, functioning, and regulation transregional tourism development in the Russian Federation.

Keywords:Transregional tourism projects, tourism destination management, tourism activity standardization, regulation of business activities in tourism, government regulation of the tourism industry


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