10. Maksim K. Korchemnyy

Classification of National Economic Structures

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Maksim K. Korchemnyy

Postgraduate student of St. Petersburg State University of Economics

Sadovaya Str. 21, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation, 191023

The present study summarizes theoretical approaches to the examination and analysis of national economic structure.
Aim. The study aims to summarize the definitions of economic structure with the purpose of determining the essence of national economic structure and means of its optimization.
Tasks. The authors examine various approaches to the definition of economic structure, analyze the existing theories on the interpretation of national economics, and identify key elements of economic structures.
Methods. This study uses general scientific methods of cognition to examine various approaches to the definition of national economic structure in different aspects and identify the specific features of the key elements of economic structure.
Results. The economy of any country is an interconnected system of various enterprises and companies, industries and sectors of the national economy. All these elements are hierarchically structured, serving as subsystems for a higher level system—the national economy. One of the main characteristics of the national economy is its structure, which involves a complex, historically developed category that characterizes the socio-economic relations within the society. It is this structure that determines the specifics of economic functioning and makes it possible to assess the level of the population’s well-being.
Conclusion. Studying the issue of national economic structure and its elements is crucial, since it affects a country’s economic security and reflects various macroeconomic imbalances of itsnational economic system.

Keywords:economic structure, national economy, wave of innovation, macroeconomic proportions, economic structure optimization

References

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