2. Yuliya A. Antokhina, Evgeniy A. Voroshin

Conditions for the Formation of an Efficient Innovation System in Russia

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Yuliya A. Antokhina

Rector of St. Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrumentation, Doctor of Economics, associate professor

Bol’shaya Morskaya Str. 67/А, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation, 190000

Evgeniy A. Voroshin

Postgraduate Student of St. Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrumentation

Bol’shaya Morskaya Str. 67/А, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation, 190000

The present study focuses on the specific aspects of the problem of building business innovation systems in Russia.
Aim. The study aims to systematize and assess the degree of implementation of each set of prerequisites for the formation of efficient innovation systems under current Russian circumstances and conditions.
Tasks. The authors determine relevant structural principles for the innovation system in accordance with the implemented innovation process model, analyze the fulfillment of conditions necessary for the formation of an efficient innovation system in Russia, and set up some correspondence between existing legislative and regulatory bodies in Russia and international forms of external support for innovation activities.
Methods. This study uses quantitative methods such as collection and comparative analysis of statistical data representing the economic indicators of innovation development in Russia. Qualitative methods include content and expert analysis, with synthesis, to summarize the results.
Results. Economic development oriented toward digitalization is determined by interactions between government, science, and business within the framework of a triple helix model, which is integral to the efficient building of innovation systems of all levels. The basic institutional and economic conditions for the efficient functioning of innovation-driven organizational and economic systems are as follows: (1) innovation-driven development must be acknowledged by all population groups; (2) favorable legal, financial, and tax conditions for innovation and technology transfer must exist; (3) barriers to business operations must not be erected; (4) solid financial backing of the economy must be present; (5) high quality of education at all stages must be available; and (6) science funding must be 3–5% of GDP. This study shows that Russia currently meets the first and, partially, the second condition.
Conclusion. Examination of the prerequisites for the formation of efficient innovation systems under modern conditions shows that in Russia, apart from the process of building organizational and economic systems at various levels based on the triple helix model, is beleaguered by the problem of inadequate external conditions for building and developing such systems. This fact also determines the necessity of external support for their proper functioning.

Keywords:innovation system, external support, triple helix model, innovation process

Citation:Antokhina Yu. A., Voroshin E. A. Usloviya formirovaniya effektivnoy innovatsionnoy sistemy v Rossii [Conditions for the Formation of an Efficient Innovation System in Russia]. Ekonomika i Upravlenie, 2018, no. 7 (153), pp. 11–15


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