1. Oleg D. Protsenko, Kirill N. Glazov, Svеtlana E. Ermakov, Irina G. Yurikova

Main Aspects of Social and Economic Development and Life Support System of the Population of the Arctic Territories of the Russian Federation

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Oleg D. Protsenko
Advisor to the Rector of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Doctor of Economics, Honored Professor of SPbUTME
Vernadskogo Ave 82, Bld. 1, Moscow, Russian Federation, 119571

Kirill N. Glazov
Applicant for a degree of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration
Vernadskogo Ave 82, Bld. 1, Moscow, Russian Federation, 119571

Svеtlana E. Ermakova
Professor of the Department of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Doctor of Economics, Associate Prifessor
Vernadskogo Ave 82, Bld. 1, Moscow, Russian Federation, 119571

Irina G. Yurikova
Deputy Head Physician for Economic Problems of the Krasnoyarsk Interdistrict Clinical Hospital of Emergency Medical Service named after N.S. Karpovich
Kurchatova Str. 17, Krasnoyarsk, Russian federation, 660062

Aim. The study analyzes the main problems and direction of socioeconomic development, the life support system, and public health in the Arctic regions of the Russian Federation.
Tasks. The authors examine the major socioeconomic indicators in the Arctic and adjacent regions of the Russian Federation, determine patterns in their further development, and compare the demographic indicators of the subject region with those of other Russian regions.
Methods. This study uses general scientific methods of cognition to examine the major aspects of socioeconomic development in the Arctic regions, determine patterns in the region’s public health, and identify the major directions of demographic processes.
Results. Analysis of the demographic and socioeconomic situation in the Arctic regions of the Russian Federation has revealed the following regional characteristics: social stratification; social insecurity; inflation; poor infrastructure (roads, housing, and utilities); alcoholism; environmental problems; high crime, morbidity, disability, adult mortality, poverty, and unemployment rates; low quality of life; low availability and quality of healthcare; small population size and low population density; insufficient human resources in healthcare (particularly medium-grade medical personnel); underdeveloped social environment; outmigration; natural population decline; and social diseases.
Conclusion. Examination of the major aspects of socioeconomic development and the life support system in the Arctic regions of the Russian Federation as a process and identification of factors typical for each region make it possible to determine the specific problems and characterize factors that ensure favorable results in terms of the demographic landscape, morbidity rate, and quality of life of the population in the examined region. Improvement of the socioeconomic situation in the Arctic region would facilitate the technological and economic development of our country and enhance its competitiveness compared with other countries engaged in Arctic development.

Keywords: socioeconomic development, social indicators, Arctic regions, public health, life support system, demographic indicators, healthcare system

Citation: Protsenko O. D., Glazov K. N., Ermakova S. E., Yurikova I. G. Osnovnye aspekty sotsial’no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya I sistemy zhizneobespecheniya naseleniya Arkticheskikh territoriy Rossiyskoy Federatsii [Major Aspects of Socioeconomic Development and Life Support System in the Arctic Regions of the Russian Federation]. Ekonomika i Upravlenie, 2018, no. 9 (155), pp. 4–11.

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