Guidelines for Publication Ethics

  Following are the sets of guidelines for the primary contributors to soon-to-be-published research papers: authors, editors (reviewers) and publishers. The papers, with their scientific background, should be written in a detailed yet balanced format that suits their target audience. This might range from the world of science to society in general. Consequently, authors should compose their manuscripts in a clear and balanced fashion, while publishers and editors should prevent any ambiguous, selective or misleading material from being printed.

 Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) has established guidelines for publishing and writing research papers, with these meeting international standards (for authors and reviewers). The standards include not only forming guidelines for publication ethics, but mandating publishing codes for authors and reviewers.

     In accordance with these codes, prospective authors are to observe the following basic guidelines:

  • Take a responsible approach to writing;
  • Publish materials meeting accepted ethical and legal standards;
  • Outline the findings clearly and precisely, avoiding fraud and data manipulation. This means that authors should rapidly alert the editor to any error that appears in their work. Furthermore, quotations and references to other works should be precise and clearly stated;
  • Describe the research methodology clearly and unambiguously;
  • Fulfill all the requirements for publishing the work. The requisites mean there will be no use of plagiarized or of previously published material;
  • Note the contribution of other individuals. The publishers demand that no article be submitted simultaneously to another publication. Furthermore, the author should respond professionally to questions and comments posed by the reviewer about the work.
  •      Reviewers are to observe the following basic guidelines:

  • Respect the manuscript's confidentiality and disclose no details about it;
  • Do not review a manuscript unless you have sufficient knowledge about its contents;
  • Do not re-use information obtained in the course of the review for your own benefit;
  • Declare all potential conflicts of interest;
  • Do not allow the writer's origin, nationality, religion, political views or other such factors to affect the review;
  • Provide accurate logs and honest information about personal and professional knowledge and experience.
  •      Publishers are to observe the following basic guidelines:

  • Ensure that the editors retain their independence of action;
  • Respect the author's right to privacy and the secrecy of personal information;
  • Protect all copyrights;
  • Deal justly with complaints and appeals;
  • Publish corrections and clarifications, and revoke all unscrupulous articles;
  • Ensure rapid and timely publication.
  • The publisher will during the final stage of research be responsible both for the manuscript writers (authors) and the reviewers.

         Useful links for authors, editors and publishers include the following:

    Ethics in Research & Publication (Elsevier)

    Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) code for journal editors