9. Natal'ya A. Anisova

The Government’s Cluster Development Support Policy: Innovations Before Theory

  • Contact details
  • Abstract
  • References

Natal'ya A. Anisova

Deputy Director-General for scientific work of Expert organization “Rost” Ltd., Ph.D. in Economics

Dzerzhinskogo Str. 15, office 702, Tyumen, Russian Federation, 625000

This study examines the Russian government’s cluster support policy that is now being implemented extensively.
Aim. This study analyzes the methodological approach to cluster support as a mechanism of economic growth and structural change in regional economies.
Tasks:

  • To determine the methodological approach at the heart of the government’s implemented policy.
  • To examine innovations in the definition of clusters for government support purposes.
  • To examine innovations in the formation of types of government support.
  • To analyze methodologies that (a) assess the support for government cluster development and (2) monitor the methodological approach to cluster development.
  • To provide theoretical justification of a cluster model, including the government’s support.

Methods. Analysis of statutory instruments regarding the government’s support for cluster development serves as the methodological basis of this study. During the study, the author uses both a general systems theory and a systems approach.
Results. The government’s current cluster development support policy is analyzed, and scientific innovations that should be included in the methodologies of theoretical research are identified. A “typical cluster model”, which includes government support, is developed. The relevance and novelty of the implemented policy are defined.
Conclusion. Mechanisms of the Russian government’s support for clustering include an implementable model for the country’s economic growth when the systemic support of cluster development ensures the growth of cooperative chains of local enterprises and organizations doing business in local areas of economic growth. The government’s support of clustering is a deliberate policy to instigate structural changes in the country’s economy. Considerable attention has been paid to infrastructure development as a way to create systemwide conditions that identify and form clusters. Support is intended for all infrastructure objects and infrastructure organizations. Introduce efficiency into clusters as the main goal. A cluster structure is systematically defined as a new element of infrastructure. Introduce specialized cluster organization as the major driving force of cluster project identification. Lay out the formation of infrastructure and support in clusters, which are complex in many areas (i. e., transportation, energy, engineering, innovative and social goals, and education). Pay particular attention to support for technology transfers and patent protection, which lays the groundwork for technological breakthroughs in clusters and ensures high-quality economic growth. Target values of cluster development are comprised of intensive growth indicators, such as workforce productivity, an increase in the number of high-performance workplaces, and more added-value projects, which also affect the quality of the country’s economic growth. Introducing new forms of government clusters supports efficiency monitoring in the implementation of joint projects and complex investment projects. However, despite a significant number of innovations, present government policy lacks viable approaches to cluster modeling. The author proposes using a typical cluster model that can be applied in various fields based on statistical figures. The developed “Typical cluster model” is original and makes it possible to expand the range of tools for analysis and practical research.

Keywords: cluster, typical cluster model, system approach

References

  1. Federal Law of December 31, 2014 № 488-FZ “On industrial policy in the Russian Federation”. Available at: https://rg.ru/2015/01/12/promyshlennostdok.html. (in Russ.).
  2. Order of the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of the Russian Federation of March 25, 2015 № 167 “On approval of the conditions for the competitive selection of subjects of the Russian Federation, whose budgets are subsidized from the federal budget for state support of small and medium-sized enterprises, including peasant (farmer) economies, and requirements for organizations that form the infrastructure for supporting the subjects of small and medium-sized business”. Available at: http://base.garant.ru/70940868/. (in Russ.).
  3. Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of 31.07.2015 № 779 “On industrial clusters and specialized organizations of industrial clusters”. Available at: http://base.garant.ru/71150302/. (in Russ.).
  4. Anisova N. A. K voprosu razvitiya teorii klasterov: tipovaya model' i vozmozhnosti primeneniya [On the development of cluster theory: A standard model and application possibilities]. Ekonomika i upravlenie, 2009, no. 9 (47), pp. 61–66.
  5. Anisova N. A. Razvitie teorii klasterov: tipovaya model' i primery primeneniya [Development of the cluster theory: A standard model and examples of application]. Moscow, Biblio-Globus Publ., 2014. 84 p.
  6. On the approval of the state program of the Russian Federation “Economic development and innovative economy” (as amended on March 31, 2017). Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/499091764. (in Russ.).
  7. Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of 30.10.2014 № 1119 “On approval of the Rules for the selection of subjects of the Russian Federation entitled to receive state support in the form of subsidies for reimbursement of costs for creating the infrastructure of industrial parks and technoparks”. Available at: http://base.garant.ru/70785652/. (in Russ.).
  8. Order of the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation of July 14, 2015 № 472 “On the implementation of the Rules for granting and distributing subsidies from the federal budget to the budgets of the subjects of the Russian Federation for the implementation of integrated investment projects for the development of innovative territorial clusters, approved by the Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation on April 15, 2014. № 316 “On approval of the state program of the Russian Federation “Economic development and innovative economy”, in 2015”. Available at: http://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/71048648/#ixzz4fFbulChL3. (in Russ.).
  9. Novozhilov V. V. Problemy izmereniya zatrat I rezul’tatov pri optimal’nom planirovanii [Problems of measurement of expenses and results at optimum planning]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1972, 432 p.
  10. On the approval of the Rules for granting subsidies from the federal budget to participants of industrial clusters for reimbursement of part of the costs in the implementation of joint projects for the production of industrial cluster products for import substitution (as amended on May 25, 2016). Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of May 25, 2016 № 464. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/420332939. (in Russ.).
  11. Methodological materials on the development and implementation of the program for the development of an innovative territorial cluster, developed by the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation. Available at: http://economy.gov.ru/minec/about/structure/depino/201405216. (in Russ.).

Subscribe to electronic version of the article